Linear functional- Wikipedia

In linear algebra, a linear functional or linear form (also called a one-form or covector) is a linear map from a vector space to its field of scalars. In ℝn, if vectors are represented as column vectors, then linear functionals are represented as row vectors, and their action on vectors is given by the dot product, or the matrix product with the row vector on the left and the column vector on the right. In general, if V is a vector space over a field k, then a linear functional f is a function from V to k that is linear:

Source: Linear form – Wikipedia