Positive psychology

Seligman introduced positive psychology as “a movement” during his term as president of the APA in 1998. He and Csikszentmihalyi followed up in 2000 with a paper introducing a special issue of the American Psychologist, devoted to positive psychology. In this seminal article, the authors presented positive psychology as a corrective to what they described as the dominant approach of modern psychology: the disease model of human functioning. The authors described three levels of analysis including the subjective (about valued subjective experiences like well–being, contentment, hope, optimism, flow and happiness); the individual level (positive psychological traits like the capacity for love, vocation, courage, perseverance, forgiveness, spirituality, high talent and wisdom) and the group level (civic virtues and institutions that facilitate citizenship, responsibility, nurturance, altruism, civility, moderation, tolerance and work ethic). The authors were hostile to the earlier efforts of humanistic psychology and called for the use of rigorous scientific standards in examining the psychology of positive human functioning (although, much of Seligman’s recent research has been done using questionnaires distributed and answered through the Internet).

via Positive psychology.

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Wall Color Effect on Employees | Chron.com

Selecting the right colors for a workplace can be as important as selecting the right employees to work for you. A research paper by Kalyan N. Meola, with the University of Hawaii at Hilo, states that visual elements, including colors, can have an influence on employee behaviors, productivity levels, moods and attitudes. The psychological effects of wall colors in a workplace are an important consideration when creating a perceived room temperature and ambiance.

via Wall Color Effect on Employees | Chron.com.

Theory Z – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

For Ouchi, Theory Z focused on increasing employee loyalty to the company by providing a job for life with a strong focus on the well-being of the employee, both on and off the job. According to Ouchi, Theory Z management tends to promote stable employment, high productivity, and high employee morale and satisfaction.

Ironically, “Japanese Management”

via Theory Z – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Positive psychology in the workplace – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Positive psychology in the workplace is about shifting attention away from negative aspects such as work violence, stress, burnout, and job insecurity. Positive psychology can help create a working environment goal of promoting positive affect in its employees. Fun should not be looked at as something that cannot be achieved during work but rather as a motivation factor for the staff. Along these same lines it is important to examine the role of: helping behaviors, team building exercises, job resources, job security and work support. The new emerging field of Positive Psychology helps, also, to creatively manage organizational behaviors and to increase productivity in the workplace through applying positive organizational forces.[3] In the broad sense traditional psychology has not specifically focused on the implementation of positive psychology methods in the workplace. The recent research on job satisfaction and employee retention has created a greater need to focus on implementing positive psychology in the workplace.

via Positive psychology in the workplace – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

California Budget Frequently Asked Questions – California Department of Finance

7. How much of the General Fund Budget is spent on Education? (Or, on some other major program areas?)

While it has changed over time and changes somewhat from year-to-year, about 52 to 55 percent of the State General Fund Budget is spent on K–12 and Higher Education.

via California Budget Frequently Asked Questions – California Department of Finance.